Institutional and Policy Analysis of River Basin Management: The Tarcoles River Basin, Costa Rica

50 Pages Posted: 10 Jul 2005

See all articles by William A. Blomquist

William A. Blomquist

Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI)

Maureen Ballestero

Independent

Anjali Bhat

World Bank

Karin Kemper

World Bank

Date Written: May 2005

Abstract

This paper describes and analyzes the effort to institute river basin management in the Tarcoles basin of Costa Rica. Located in west-central Costa Rica, the Tarcoles basin represents 4.2 percent of the nation's total land area, but is home to half the nation's population and the metropolitan area of San Jose, the nation's capital and largest city. Water management issues include severe water pollution resulting from sewage, industrial waste discharges, agricultural runoff, and deforestation. In the early 1990s a locally-initiated effort established a river basin commission for the Rio Grande de Tarcoles (CRGT), which was supported by the central government's environment ministry. Since the late 1990s, however, the DRGT has struggled through changes of leadership, inconsistent support from the central government, and waning participation from basin stakeholders. Despite several programs to arrest deforestation and encourage better industrial and agricultural practices, the basin's water problems continue largely unabated. The Tarcoles case is instructive about both the possibilities and the fragility of efforts to establish integrated water resource management at the river basin level.

Suggested Citation

Blomquist, William A. and Ballestero, Maureen and Bhat, Anjali and Kemper, Karin, Institutional and Policy Analysis of River Basin Management: The Tarcoles River Basin, Costa Rica (May 2005). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=754206 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.754206

William A. Blomquist (Contact Author)

Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) ( email )

Department of Political Science
Indianapolis, IN 46202
United States
317-274-7547 (Phone)
317-278-3280 (Fax)

Maureen Ballestero

Independent

Anjali Bhat

World Bank

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Karin Kemper

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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