On the Number and Size of Nations

Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 112, No. 4, November 1997

Posted: 11 May 1998

See all articles by Alberto F. Alesina

Alberto F. Alesina

Harvard University - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Enrico Spolaore

Tufts University - Department of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Abstract

This paper studies the equilibrium determination of the number of countries in different political regimes, and in different economic environments, with more or less economic integration. We focus on the trade-off between the benefits of large jurisdictions and the costs of heterogeneity of large and diverse populations. Our model implies that (i) democratization leads to secessions; (ii) in equilibrium one generally observes an inefficiently large number of countries; (iii) the equilibrium number of countries is increasing in the amount of economic integration.

JEL Classification: H10, H11

Suggested Citation

Alesina, Alberto F. and Spolaore, Enrico, On the Number and Size of Nations. Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 112, No. 4, November 1997. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=75468

Alberto F. Alesina (Contact Author)

Harvard University - Department of Economics ( email )

Littauer Center
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
617-495-8388 (Phone)
617-495-7730 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Enrico Spolaore

Tufts University - Department of Economics ( email )

Medford, MA 02155
United States

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
1,335
PlumX Metrics