Beyond Tariffs and Quotas: Why Don't African Manufacturers Export More?

33 Pages Posted: 13 Jul 2005

See all articles by George R. G. Clarke

George R. G. Clarke

Texas A&M International University - A.R. Sanchez Jr., School of Business

Date Written: June 2005

Abstract

There has been much concern about Africa's recent export performance. Even though tariff and non-tariff barriers to trade have been falling, Africa's share of world exports has declined and most African countries remain highly dependent upon a narrow range of primary commodities for export earnings. This article looks at factors that affect the export performance of manufacturing enterprises in eight African countries. In addition to enterprise characteristics (e.g., size, ownership and education of the manager), policy-related variables also affect export performance. Manufacturing enterprises are less likely to export in countries with restrictive trade and customs regulation and poor customs administration. In contrast, there is less evidence that the quality of domestic transportation infrastructure has a large impact on export performance. Although the coefficient on this variable is negative, it is statistically insignificant in most model specifications.

Suggested Citation

Clarke, George, Beyond Tariffs and Quotas: Why Don't African Manufacturers Export More? (June 2005). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3617. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=754924 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.754924

George Clarke (Contact Author)

Texas A&M International University - A.R. Sanchez Jr., School of Business ( email )

5201 University Blvd.
Laredo, TX 78041-1900
United States

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