Honor Thy Father (and Thy Mother): Child Marriage and Parental Consent in Calvin's Geneva
“Honor Thy Father and Thy Mother? Child Marriage and Parental Consent in John Calvin’s Geneva,” Journal of Religion 86 (2006): 580-605
25 Pages Posted: 14 Jul 2005 Last revised: 16 Jul 2014
Parental consent to engagement and marriage was a major reform that the sixteenth-century Protestant Reformation introduced to stamp out the late medieval Catholic toleration of clandestine marriages. John Calvin introduced the doctrine of parental consent to Protestant Geneva both in statutes that he drafted and in cases that he adjudicated as a member of the Consistory court. Calvin and his fellow reformers insisted on the priority of the father's consent over the mother's consent, but also insisted that even the father could not override his child's own consent to an engagement or marriage contract. Parents and guardians who neglected their duties or abused their authority at this fateful stage of their child's lives were severely punished and often forfeited their right to have their child's secret marriage annulled.
Keywords: John Calvin, marriage, honor, consent
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