Fiscal Policy and Economic Growth: The Role of Financial Intermediation

18 Pages Posted: 22 Jul 2005

See all articles by Gilles Saint-Paul

Gilles Saint-Paul

University of Toulouse I - GREMAQ-IDEI; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

This paper analyzes the impact of public debt on financial efficiency in an overlapping-generations model. We argue that public debt may reduce intermediation costs by increasing the collateral of entrepreneurs. This effect is stronger, the stronger the non-Ricardian component of public debt, i.e. the more it is associated with intergenerational redistribution. This effect can be interpreted as future generations acting as a guarantee for the loans provided to the entrepreneurs of the current generation. Furthermore, multiple growth paths may arise as low taxes increase private collateral, which in turn boosts growth via financial efficiency, while higher growth allows to maintain the same debt/GDP ratio with reduced taxes.

Suggested Citation

Saint-Paul, Gilles, Fiscal Policy and Economic Growth: The Role of Financial Intermediation. Review of International Economics, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 612-629, August 2005. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=758629

Gilles Saint-Paul (Contact Author)

University of Toulouse I - GREMAQ-IDEI ( email )

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Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

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CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

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Germany

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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