Targeting Youth Employment Policy in Bulgaria

Economic & Business Review, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 113-135, 2001

23 Pages Posted: 27 Jul 2005

See all articles by Niall O'Higgins

Niall O'Higgins

University of Salerno - Department of Economics; ILO; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Francesco Pastore

Seconda Università di Napoli - Dipartimento di Discipline Giuridiche ed Economiche Italiane Europee e Comparate; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Iskra Beleva

Economic Research Institute at BAS

Andrey Ivanov

Advanced Business Solutions Ltd.

Abstract

Youth unemployment and in particular long-term youth unemployment in Bulgaria is much higher than the EU average. Low flows out of unemployment into a job, especially for the least educated and qualified young people residing in peripheral regions, are the principal source of long-term unemployment amongst young people. Evidence based on various data sources suggests on one hand that the most disadvantaged segments of the young population are left with two equally unsatisfactory alternatives: working in the informal sector and thus, in practice, often permanently withdrawing from the labour force, or emigrating. On the other hand, employment policies face significant financial and institutional constraints. Increasingly, with rising overall unemployment, passive policy is absorbing an increasing proportion of expenditure on labour market policy to the detriment of active policies. Moreover, important segments of young people are being bypassed by those active measures that do exist. An appropriate response requires action at the level of the education system as well as a more extensive and more effective active labour market policy. This paper concludes with some suggestions as to the way in which such policies might be developed.

Keywords: Youth unemployment, active labour market policy, economic transition.

JEL Classification: I28, J68, P41

Suggested Citation

O'Higgins, Shane Niall and Pastore, Francesco and Beleva, Iskra and Ivanov, Andrey, Targeting Youth Employment Policy in Bulgaria. Economic & Business Review, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 113-135, 2001. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=759764

Shane Niall O'Higgins (Contact Author)

University of Salerno - Department of Economics ( email )

Via John Paul II, 132
Fisciano (SA), 84084
Italy

ILO ( email )

CH-1211 Geneva 22
Switzerland

HOME PAGE: http://www.ilo.org

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Francesco Pastore

Seconda Università di Napoli - Dipartimento di Discipline Giuridiche ed Economiche Italiane Europee e Comparate ( email )

Via Antonio Vivaldi, 43
Caserta CE, Caserta 81100
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.giurisprudenza.unina2.it/news.php?nid=185

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Iskra Beleva

Economic Research Institute at BAS ( email )

3, Aksakov street
Sofia, 1000
Bulgaria

Andrey Ivanov

Advanced Business Solutions Ltd. ( email )

P.O. Box 44
Sofia 1756
Bulgaria

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