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Brain Drain in Developing Regions (1990-2000)

44 Pages Posted: 21 Jul 2005  

Frédéric Docquier

Catholic University of Louvain (UCL); CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Olivier Lohest

Regional Government of Wallonia, Belgium - Institut wallon de l'Evaluation, de la Prospective et de la Statistique (IWEPS)

Abdeslam Marfouk

Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB)

Date Written: July 2005

Abstract

In this paper, we analyze the distribution of the brain drain in the LAC region (Latin America and the Caribbean), Asia and Africa. We rely on an original data set on international migration by educational attainment for 1990 and 2000. Our analysis reveals that the brain drain is strong in Eastern, Middle and Western Africa, Central America and the Caribbean. However, the Kernel approach suggests that the dispersion and the intradistribution dynamics of skilled migration rates strongly differ across regions. We then tautologically disentangle the brain drain into two multiplicative components, the global migration rate and the selection bias. Among the most affected countries, LAC countries suffer from high migration rates whilst most African countries suffer from high selection biases. Finally, exploratory Moran's tests reveal strong spatial, political and cultural autocorrelations in migration rates and selection biases. The latter result suggests that skilled workers react differently than unskilled workers to a large set of variables.

Keywords: international migration, brain drain, human capital, spatial autocorrelation

JEL Classification: F22, O15, J11, J24

Suggested Citation

Docquier, Frédéric and Lohest, Olivier and Marfouk, Abdeslam, Brain Drain in Developing Regions (1990-2000) (July 2005). IZA Discussion Paper No. 1668. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=761624

Frédéric Docquier (Contact Author)

Catholic University of Louvain (UCL) ( email )

Place Montesquieu 3
Louvain-la-Neuve, 1348
Belgium

CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK

University of Newcastle
NE1 7RU Newcastle Upon Tyne
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Olivier Lohest

Regional Government of Wallonia, Belgium - Institut wallon de l'Evaluation, de la Prospective et de la Statistique (IWEPS) ( email )

Place de la Wallonie, 1 Bat II
5100 Jambes
Belgium

Abdeslam Marfouk

Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) ( email )

Pleinlaan 2
http://www.vub.ac.be/
Brussels, 1050
Belgium

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