Caste, Inequality, and Poverty in India

16 Pages Posted: 25 Jul 2005

See all articles by Vani K. Borooah

Vani K. Borooah

University of Ulster at Jordanstown - School of Economics and Politics

Abstract

This paper analyses inequality and poverty in India within the context of caste-based discrimination. It does so by decomposing the difference between (caste) Hindu and Scheduled Caste (SC) and Scheduled Tribe (ST) households in: their average household incomes; their probabilities of being in different income percentiles; their probabilities of being at different levels of poverty into: "a discrimination effect", which stems from the fact that a household's income level, into which its (income-generating) profile translates, depends on whether it is SC/ST; an "attributes (or residual) effect" which stems from the fact that there are systematic differences between SC/ST and Hindu households in their (income-generating) profiles. The results, based on unit record data for 28,922 households, showed that at least one-third of the average income/probability differences between Hindu and SC/ST households was due to the "unequal treatment" of the latter.

Suggested Citation

Borooah, Vani K., Caste, Inequality, and Poverty in India. Review of Development Economics, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 399-414, August 2005, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=762592

Vani K. Borooah (Contact Author)

University of Ulster at Jordanstown - School of Economics and Politics ( email )

Newtownabbey
County Antrim BT37 OQB, Northern Ireland
United Kingdom

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