Short-Term Consequences of Trade Reform for Industry Employment and Wages: Survey of Evidence from Colombia

17 Pages Posted: 26 Jul 2005

See all articles by Pinelopi Goldberg

Pinelopi Goldberg

Yale University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Yale University - Cowles Foundation

Nina Pavcnik

Dartmouth College - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Abstract

Recent research has focused on the short- to medium-term implications of trade reforms for the labour market outcomes and poverty in poor economies. This article summarises the evidence on the short-term consequences of the Colombian trade reform initiated in 1985 for industry employment and industry wages. Although the reform reduced manufacturing tariffs on average by 40 percentage points from 1984 to 1994, tariff declines were not significantly associated with labour reallocation across sectors. The reform, however, was associated with bigger declines in relative industry wages in sectors that experienced bigger tariff cuts. This evidence is in line with the predictions of short- to medium-run models of trade in which labour is not mobile across sectors. It is also consistent with the predictions of models where imperfectly competitive industries share rents with workers and trade reduces the firms' profit margins and thus workers' rents.

Suggested Citation

Goldberg, Pinelopi (Penny) and Pavcnik, Nina, Short-Term Consequences of Trade Reform for Industry Employment and Wages: Survey of Evidence from Colombia. The World Economy, Vol. 28, No. 7, pp. 923-939, July 2005. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=762595

Pinelopi (Penny) Goldberg (Contact Author)

Yale University - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 208268
37 Hillhouse Avenue
New Haven, CT 06520-8268
United States
203-432-3569 (Phone)
203-432-6323 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Yale University - Cowles Foundation

Box 208281
New Haven, CT 06520-8281
United States

Nina Pavcnik

Dartmouth College - Department of Economics ( email )

6106 Rockefeller Hall
Hanover, NH 03755
United States
603-646-2537 (Phone)
603-646-2122 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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