Age Structure and the UK Unemployment Rate

9 Pages Posted: 3 Aug 2005

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The proportion of youths in the labor force has fallen dramatically in the past 15 years, following the collapse in the birth rate in the 1970s (the 'baby bust'). Youths always have higher unemployment rates than adults, so this change in the composition of the labor force may have contributed to a fall in the aggregate unemployment rate. Based on data from the Labor Force Survey, it appears that about 0.55 percentage points of the 5.65 percentage point fall in the UK unemployment rate between 1984 and 1998 can be accounted for by changes in the age structure of the labor force.

Suggested Citation

Barwell, Richard, Age Structure and the UK Unemployment Rate. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin, August 2000, Available at SSRN:

Richard Barwell (Contact Author)

Bank of England ( email )

Threadneedle Street
London, EC2R 8AH
United Kingdom

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