Income Convergence Across U.S. States: An Analysis Using Measures of Concordance and Discordance

25 Pages Posted: 4 Aug 2005

See all articles by Don J. Webber

Don J. Webber

University of the West of England (UWE) - School of Economics; Leeds Metropolitan University - Policy Research Institute

Paul White

University of the West of England (UWE) - School of Economics

David O. Allen

University of the West of England (UWE) - School of Economics

Abstract

This paper presents methods to analyze convergence in cross-sectional data collected over time using distribution free statistics that are not sensitive to the magnitudes involved. Measures of concordance and discordance are employed in the empirical analysis of real personal income per capita for 48 U.S. States over the period 1929-2002. Although most States are converging with each other, some are converging faster than others. The methods used have the flexibility to focus on specific characteristics such as convergence in absolute differences or convergence in the ratio of rewards. The methods may also be used to consider convergence without switching and additionally be applied to other features such as the percentiles of the distributions.

Suggested Citation

Webber, Don J. and White, Paul and Allen, David O., Income Convergence Across U.S. States: An Analysis Using Measures of Concordance and Discordance. Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 45, No. 3, pp. 565-589, August 2005. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=765648

Don J. Webber (Contact Author)

University of the West of England (UWE) - School of Economics ( email )

Bristol, BS16 1QY
United Kingdom

Leeds Metropolitan University - Policy Research Institute

Leeds, LS1 3HE
United Kingdom

Paul White

University of the West of England (UWE) - School of Economics ( email )

Bristol, BS16 1QY
United Kingdom

David O. Allen

University of the West of England (UWE) - School of Economics ( email )

Bristol, BS16 1QY
United Kingdom

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