Peer Effects in Austrian Schools

25 Pages Posted: 24 Aug 2005

See all articles by Nicole E. Schneeweis

Nicole E. Schneeweis

Johannes Kepler University Linz - Department of Economics

Rudolf Winter-Ebmer

Johannes Kepler University Linz - Department of Economics; Institute for Advanced Studies (IHS) - Department of Economics & Finance; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: April 2005

Abstract

This study deals with educational production in Austria and is focused on the potential impact of schoolmates on students' academic outcomes. We used PISA 2000 data to estimate peer effects for 15 and 16 year old students. The estimations yield substantial positive effects of the peer groups' socioeconomic composition on student achievement. Furthermore, quantile regressions suggest peer effects to be asymmetric in favor of low-ability students, meaning that students with lower skills benefit more from being exposed to clever peers, whereas those with higher skills do not seem to be affected much. Social heterogeneity, moreover, has no big adverse effect on academic outcomes. These results imply considerable social gains of reducing stratification in educational settings.

Keywords: Education, peer effects, PISA study

JEL Classification: I21

Suggested Citation

Schneeweis, Nicole E. and Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf, Peer Effects in Austrian Schools (April 2005). CEPR Discussion Paper No. 5018. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=772768

Nicole E. Schneeweis

Johannes Kepler University Linz - Department of Economics ( email )

Altenbergerstrasse 69
A-4040 Linz, 4040
Austria

Rudolf Winter-Ebmer (Contact Author)

Johannes Kepler University Linz - Department of Economics ( email )

Altenbergerstrasse 69
A-4040 Linz, 4040
Austria
+43 732 2468 8236 (Phone)
+43 732 2468 8238 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.econ.jku.at/winter

Institute for Advanced Studies (IHS) - Department of Economics & Finance ( email )

Stumpergasse 56
A-1060 Vienna, A-1060
Austria

HOME PAGE: http://www.ihs.ac.at

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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