Financial Distress and Corporate Risk Management: Theory & Evidence
Amiyatosh K. Purnanandam
University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business
This paper extends the current theoretical models of corporate risk-management in the presence of financial distress costs and tests the model's predictions using a comprehensive dataset. I show that the shareholders optimally engage in ex-post (i.e., after the debt issuance) risk-management activities even without a pre-commitment to do so. The model predicts a positive relation between leverage and hedging for moderately leveraged firms, which reverses for highly leveraged firms. Consistent with the theory, empirically I find a non-monotonic relation between leverage and hedging. Further, the effect of leverage on hedging is higher for firms in highly concentrated industries.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 51
Keywords: Hedging, financial distress, risk-shifting, derivatives
Date posted: March 25, 2005