International Labor Migration, Economic Growth and Labor Markets - the Current State of Affairs

50 Pages Posted: 24 Aug 2005

See all articles by Thomas K. Bauer

Thomas K. Bauer

Rhine-Westphalia Institute for Economic Research (RWI-Essen); University of Bochum - Faculty of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

John P. Haisken-DeNew

University of Melbourne - Melbourne Institute: Applied Economic & Social Research; McMaster University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics

Christoph M. Schmidt

RWI - Leibniz-Insitut für Wirtschaftsforschung (RWI Essen); Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Date Written: August 2004

Abstract

Even though European labor markets are characterized by high average unemployment, there is a shortage of high-skilled labor, leading many European economists to argue for an immigration policy directed at actively recruiting highly qualified workers from abroad. It has further been argued that an immigration policy that is tailored to attract young and economically successful migrants can alleviate some of the demographic burden associated with an aging population. We embed this discussion into a systematic classification of economic migration research according to its major conceptual and applied questions. The state of theoretical and empirical research on the migration decision, the literature on the economic performance of immigrants and their economic impact is reviewed briefly, proceeding along the lines of a clear conceptual framework. In addition, the paper discusses expectations on future migration flows and the policy options of immigration countries for dealing with these flows.

Keywords: Immigration, European labor markets, Immigration policy

JEL Classification: F22, J61

Suggested Citation

Bauer, Thomas K. and Haisken-DeNew, John P. and Schmidt, Christoph M., International Labor Migration, Economic Growth and Labor Markets - the Current State of Affairs (August 2004). RWI Discussion Paper No. 20, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=784548 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.784548

Thomas K. Bauer (Contact Author)

Rhine-Westphalia Institute for Economic Research (RWI-Essen) ( email )

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John P. Haisken-DeNew

University of Melbourne - Melbourne Institute: Applied Economic & Social Research

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McMaster University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics ( email )

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Christoph M. Schmidt

RWI - Leibniz-Insitut für Wirtschaftsforschung (RWI Essen) ( email )

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Germany

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United Kingdom

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