Are Analyst Recommendations Biased? Evidence from Corporate Bankruptcies
47 Pages Posted: 28 Aug 2005
We test whether a bias exists in analyst recommendations for firms that file for bankruptcy during 1995-2001. We fail to find over-optimism in analyst recommendations, including those of affiliated analysts. Our multivariate analysis of the market reaction to changes in analyst recommendations indicates that prior affiliation exerts no impact on either returns or trading volume. Nor do we find that the market views recommendation upgrades by affiliated analysts as biased since there is no price reversal following these recommendation changes. Overall, our results suggest that recently passed legislation to reduce analysts' conflicts of interest might be an overreaction.
Keywords: Analyst optimism, recommendations, analyst bias, bankruptcy
JEL Classification: G24, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation