Institutional Investors and the Informational Efficiency of Prices

51 Pages Posted: 31 Aug 2005  

Eric K. Kelley

University of Tennessee

Ekkehart Boehmer

Singapore Management University - Lee Kong Chian School of Business

Multiple version iconThere are 4 versions of this paper

Date Written: July 24, 2007

Abstract

The percentage of U.S. equity held by institutional investors has quadrupled in the past four decades, and a prominent share of trading activity is due to institutions. Yet we know little about how institutions affect the informational efficiency of share prices, one important dimension of market quality. We study a broad cross-section of NYSE-listed stocks between 1983 and 2004 using measures of the relative informational efficiency of prices constructed from transaction data. We find that stocks with greater institutional ownership are priced more efficiently in the sense that their transaction prices more closely follow a random walk. This result cannot be attributed to liquidity effects and is not likely the result of reverse causality. We also show that institutional trading activity is one mechanism by which prices become more efficient, even when institutions trade passively or follow momentum strategies.

Keywords: market efficiency, institutional investors, institutional trading, market quality

JEL Classification: G14, G12

Suggested Citation

Kelley, Eric K. and Boehmer, Ekkehart, Institutional Investors and the Informational Efficiency of Prices (July 24, 2007). AFA 2007 Chicago Meetings Paper; Sixteenth Annual Utah Winter Finance Conference. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=791905 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.791905

Eric K. Kelley

University of Tennessee ( email )

916 Volunteer Blvd
Knoxville, TN 37996
United States

Ekkehart Boehmer (Contact Author)

Singapore Management University - Lee Kong Chian School of Business ( email )

Singapore

Paper statistics

Downloads
1,359
Rank
8,065
Abstract Views
5,122