Intellectual Property Rights, Foreign Direct Investment and Innovation
Posted: 22 May 1998
Date Written: August 1997
This paper develops a product cycle model with endogenous and costly innovation, imitation, and foreign direct investment (FDI) to address the concerns of developing nations that stronger intellectual property rights (IPR) protection would force them to waste scarce resources 'reinventing the wheel.' With stronger IPR protection, multinationals become safer from imitation, but no safer than Northern firms. Imitation becomes a more predominant channel of international technology transfer relative to FDI. Stronger IPR protection displaces FDI due to aggravated resource scarcity in the South. Reduced FDI transmits resource scarcity in the South back to the North and consequently contracts innovation.
JEL Classification: F21, F43, O31, O34
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation