Information Sharing, Cognitive Centrality, and Influence Among Business Executives During Collective Choice
58 Pages Posted: 31 Oct 2005
Date Written: September 2005 6,
Laboratory studies have shown that decision-making groups tend to focus on common information at the expense of unique information. In the current study, high level business executives completed a personnel selection task. Access to information about the candidates was not controlled as in a typical study of information sharing, but common, partially shared, and unique information arose naturally from the individual members information searches. During subsequent discussions, groups mentioned more common than partially shared than unique information. However, the underlying processes seemed to be different from what has been observed in laboratory studies. The popularity of information in the population from which groups were composed predicted both the number of a groups members who accessed an item in their information searches and whether the group discussed the item. However, the number of group members who accessed an item did predict whether information was repeated during discussion, and repetition predicted which items were included on a final written summary. Finally, cognitively central group members were more influential than cognitively peripheral members.
Keywords: information sharing, cognitive centrality, group decision making, hidden profiles, collective choice
JEL Classification: M, M10, D7, L2, M12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation