Trade Openness and Gender Discrimination
8 Pages Posted: 5 Oct 2005
Date Written: April 2005
This paper investigates the impact of trade liberalization on gender wage discrimination. We employ a simple method that is able to capture the direct impacts of openness at the industry level on the gender wages. We find evidence that increasing openness is associated with narrowing wage gap, which results mainly from men's wages declining. This is consistent with the Becker's (1957) proposition that competition reduces discrimination in the labor market.
Keywords: Gender, discrimination, labor market, competition, trade liberalization
JEL Classification: J16, J71
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation