Was it Something I Ate? Implementation of the Fda Seafood Haccp Program

54 Pages Posted: 10 Oct 2005

See all articles by Anna Alberini

Anna Alberini

University of Maryland - Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics

Erik Lichtenberg

University of Maryland - College of Agriculture & Natural Resources

Dominic Mancini

US Office of Management and Budget

Gregmar I. Galinato

Washington State University - School of Economic Sciences

Date Written: September 2005

Abstract

We use FDA's seafood inspection records to examine: (i) how FDA has targeted its inspections under HACCP regulation; (ii) the effects of FDA inspections on compliance with both HACCP and plant sanitation standards; and (iii) the relationship between HACCP regulations and pre-existing sanitation standards. We use a theoretical model of enforcement to derive hypotheses about FDA's targeting of inspections and firms' patterns of compliance. We test those hypotheses using econometric models of inspection and compliance. Contrary to the predictions of the theoretical model and to FDA's own stated policies, FDA does not seem to have targeted inspections based on product risk or past compliance performance. Firms' compliance strategies seemed to be broadly in accord with the predictions of the theoretical model. The threat of inspection increased the likelihood of compliance, although the deterrent effect was statistically significant for sanitation standards but not for HACCP. Firms tend to persist in compliance status, especially with respect to sanitation standards. Contrary to FDA's presupposition, however, HACCP compliance does not improve compliance with sanitation standards, suggesting that the two are not complementary.

Keywords: HACCP, Food safety, Seafood, Enforcement, Regulatory compliance, Regulation

JEL Classification: I18, K32

Suggested Citation

Alberini, Anna and Lichtenberg, Erik and Mancini, Dominic and Galinato, Gregmar I., Was it Something I Ate? Implementation of the Fda Seafood Haccp Program (September 2005). FEEM Working Paper No. 104.05, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=812865 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.812865

Anna Alberini (Contact Author)

University of Maryland - Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics ( email )

Symmons Hall, Rm 2200
University of Maryland
College Park, MD 20742-5535
United States
301-405-1267 (Phone)
301-314-9091 (Fax)

Erik Lichtenberg

University of Maryland - College of Agriculture & Natural Resources ( email )

0108 Symons Hall
University of Maryland
College Park, MD 20742-5551
United States

Dominic Mancini

US Office of Management and Budget ( email )

Washington, DC 20551
United States

Gregmar I. Galinato

Washington State University - School of Economic Sciences ( email )

Pullman, WA 99164
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
128
Abstract Views
1,599
Rank
417,008
PlumX Metrics