Commitment of Minorities in Organizations: Effects of Leadership and Pressure to Conform

29 Pages Posted: 13 Oct 2005

See all articles by Joyce Rupert

Joyce Rupert

Leiden University - Social and Organizational Psychology

Karen A. Jehn

University of Melbourne - Melbourne Business School

Marloes L. van Engen

Tilburg University - Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences

Renee De Reuver

Tilburg University - Human Resource Studies

Date Written: August 2005

Abstract

In this study of 107 employees in a large multinational in the field of electronics, we examine to what extent cultural minorities and majority members have feelings of belonging to the organization. We hypothesized and found that cultural minorities feel more committed than majority members, thereby challenging the existing theoretical view that cultural minorities will feel less committed to the organization than majority members. We also found some support that organizational pressure to conform and effective leadership increase commitment more for minority than majority members. Organizational pressure to conform moderated the relationship between majority-minority membership and normative commitment, such that pressure to conform increased the normative commitment more for members of the cultural minority group than for members of the cultural majority. In addition, we found that task-oriented and people-oriented leadership moderated the relationship between majority-minority membership and normative commitment, such that task-oriented and people-oriented leadership increased the normative commitment more for minorities than for majorities.

Keywords: Commitment, minority / majority influence, leadership

Suggested Citation

Rupert, Joyce and Jehn, Karen A. and van Engen, Marloes L. and Reuver, Renee De, Commitment of Minorities in Organizations: Effects of Leadership and Pressure to Conform (August 2005). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=819985 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.819985

Joyce Rupert (Contact Author)

Leiden University - Social and Organizational Psychology ( email )

Leiden, 2300 RA
Netherlands

Karen A. Jehn

University of Melbourne - Melbourne Business School ( email )

200 Leicester Street
Carlton, Victoria 3053 3186
Australia

Marloes L. Van Engen

Tilburg University - Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands
013 466 3002 (Fax)

Renee De Reuver

Tilburg University - Human Resource Studies ( email )

Postbus 90153
Tilburg, DC Noord-Brabant 5000 LE
Netherlands
+31 (0)13 466 3128 (Phone)
+31 (0)13 466 3002 (Fax)

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