Lump-Sum Investing Versus Dollar-Averaging
6 Pages Posted: 19 Oct 2005
This article shows that if the market has an expected positive risk premium, then lump-sum investing is mean-variance superior to dollar-averaging. In showing this, it is critical to hold constant the risks of the two policies. When this is done over a 12-month horizon, lump-sum investing provides a higher return by 1 to 4 percent as the stock size declines. Lump-sum investing provides a higher return using the S&P 500 in 40 of 65 years. Risk-averse investors who prefer dollar-averaging can accomplish the aim of risk reduction more effectively by lowering the fraction of funds invested in the risky asset and investing them all at once.
Keywords: dollar-averaging, mean-variance efficiency
JEL Classification: G11
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation