Growth, Beta and Agency Costs as Determinants of Dividend Payout Ratios
11 Pages Posted: 19 Oct 2005
A model of optimal dividend payout is presented in which increased dividends lower agency costs but raise the transactions cost of external financing. The optimal dividend payout ratio minimizes the sum of these two costs. A cross-sectional test of the model relates dividend payout to the fraction of equity held by insiders, the past and expected future revenue growth of the firm, the firm's beta coefficient, and the number of common stockholders. The coefficients of all variables are significant in the predicted directions. The results indicate that investment policy influences dividend policy.
Keywords: dividends, agency costs, dividend payout
JEL Classification: G32, G35
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation