Building the Family Nest: Pre-Marital Investments, Marriage Markets and Spousal Allocations
35 Pages Posted: 15 Oct 2005
Date Written: September 2005
We develop a model of the household in which spousal incomes are determined by pre-marital investments, the marriage market is characterized by assortative matching, and endogenously-determined sharing rules form the basis of intra-household allocations. By incorporating pre-marital investments and spousal matching into the collective household model, we are able to identify the fundamental determinants of endogenously determined and maritally sustainable intra-marital sharing rules. In particular, we find that all sharing rules along the assortative order support unconditionally efficient outcomes where both pre-marital investments and intra-household allocations are efficient. The efficiency of both pre-marital choices and household allocations then enables us to show that, for each couple, the marriage market generates a unique and maritally sustainable sharing rule that is a function of the distribution of pre-marital endowments and the sex ratios in the market.
Keywords: collective model, marriage, bargaining, household labor supply
JEL Classification: C78, D61, D70
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation