Identifying Challenges and Developing Visions: Technology Foresight in Hungary
KTK/IE Discussion Papers 2002/6
65 Pages Posted: 1 Jul 2010 Last revised: 2 Jul 2010
Date Written: 2002
TEP, the Hungarian Technology Foresight Programme, was launched in 1997, as the first one in Central and Eastern Europe, to provide inputs to a national innovation strategy by identifying socio-economic challenges and developing broad visions for the future. Specifically, it was aimed at analysing Hungary's strengths and weaknesses, developing scenarios (visions) and drafting policy proposals to improve quality of life and enhance long-term international competitiveness.
This paper first briefly defines the concept and methods of (technology) foresight, and highlights some reasons why it is a useful policy tool, followed by a brief account of the objectives and methods of TEP. Then, summarising the results, Sections 3 and 4 provide an overview of the transition process (institutional changes as well as economic developments) and the current socio-economic challenges, respectively. Changing the time horizon, three long-term macro scenarios are discussed in Section 5, together with policy recommendations developed by TEP so as to achieve the most desirable - but still feasible - vision. Section 6 summarises the results of the dissemination and implementation phase of TEP. Finally, the concluding section highlights the benefits of foresight to assist decision-makers; some general difficulties concerning its design, methodologies and implementation of its results; as well as specific Hungarian problems, due to the legacy of planning.
Keywords: technology foresight, Hungary
JEL Classification: O38
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation