Spatial Dimensions of Trade Liberalization and Economic Convergence: Mexico 1985-2002

37 Pages Posted: 17 Oct 2005

See all articles by Patricio Aroca

Patricio Aroca

Universidad Católica Del Norte

Mariano Bosch Mossi

World Bank

William F. Maloney

World Bank - Poverty and Economic Management Unit; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Date Written: October 2005

Abstract

This paper studies the spatial dimension of growth in Mexico over the past three decades. The literature on regional economic growth shows a decrease in regional dispersion from 1970 to 1985, and a sharp increase afterward coinciding with the trade liberalization of the Mexican economy. Using spatial econometric, tools the authors analyze how the process of convergence/divergence has mapped spatially and whether it makes sense to talk about spatial regions in Mexico. Although the rich North-poor South dichotomy has dominated this phenomenon, interesting patterns emerge. Namely the distribution of growth after Mexico's post-liberalization seems to be much less associated with distance to the United States than the authors had initially expected.

Suggested Citation

Aroca, Patricio and Bosch Mossi, Mariano and Maloney, William F., Spatial Dimensions of Trade Liberalization and Economic Convergence: Mexico 1985-2002 (October 2005). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3744. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=823048

Patricio Aroca (Contact Author)

Universidad Católica Del Norte ( email )

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Mariano Bosch Mossi

World Bank ( email )

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Washington, DC 20433
United States

William F. Maloney

World Bank - Poverty and Economic Management Unit ( email )

1818 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-473-6340 (Phone)
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IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

1818 H. Street, N.W.
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Washington, DC 20433
United States

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