Welfare to What? After Workfare in Toronto

12 Pages Posted: 6 Nov 2005

See all articles by Ernie Lightman

Ernie Lightman

University of Toronto - Faculty of Social Work

Andrew Mitchell

University of Toronto

Dean Herd

University of Toronto

Abstract

An employment survey among people in Toronto who left Ontario Works - a classic "work-first" regime - shows clear secondary labour market status. Most interventions typical of work-first programmes did not have a positive effect on job quality: contrary to the "stepping stones" theory that poor initial jobs lead to better jobs, those who changed jobs after leaving assistance experienced poorer job quality. A shift in orientation to "sustainable employment" is required to address the employment needs of those on social assistance. Policy must also address the fact that the social assistance caseload includes a size able group that face significant barriers to employment other than education or skills.

Suggested Citation

Lightman, Ernie and Mitchell, Andrew and Herd, Dean, Welfare to What? After Workfare in Toronto. International Social Security Review, Vol. 58, No. 4, pp. 95-106, October 2005. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=823095

Ernie Lightman (Contact Author)

University of Toronto - Faculty of Social Work ( email )

Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E6 M5S 3G8
Canada
416-978-5570 (Phone)
416-978-7072 (Fax)

Andrew Mitchell

University of Toronto ( email )

Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E6 M5S 3G8
Canada

Dean Herd

University of Toronto ( email )

Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E6 M5S 3G8
Canada

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