The Influence of Market Wages and Parental History on Child Labour and Schooling in Egypt

45 Pages Posted: 18 Oct 2005

See all articles by Jackline Wahba

Jackline Wahba

University of Southampton, Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: September 2005

Abstract

This paper examines the influence of adult market wages and having parents who were child labourers on child labour, when this decision is jointly determined with child schooling, using data from Egypt. The empirical results suggest that low adult market wages are key determinants of child labour; a 10 percent increase in the illiterate male market wage decreases the probability of child labour by 22 percent for boys and 13 percent for girls. The findings also indicate the importance of social norms in the inter-generational persistence of child labour: parents who were child labourers themselves are on average 10 percent more likely to send their children to work. In addition, higher local regional income inequality increases the likelihood of child labour.

Keywords: child labour, child schooling, wages

JEL Classification: J13, J20, O15

Suggested Citation

Wahba, Jackline, The Influence of Market Wages and Parental History on Child Labour and Schooling in Egypt (September 2005). IZA Discussion Paper No. 1771, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=825706

Jackline Wahba (Contact Author)

University of Southampton, Department of Economics ( email )

Southampton, SO171BJ
United Kingdom
+44 23 8059 3996 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/jackiewahba/

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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