The Value of Tax Shields with a Fixed Book-Value Leverage Ratio
IESE Business School Working Paper No. 612
30 Pages Posted: 27 Oct 2005
Date Written: October 14, 2005
The value of tax shields depends only on the nature of the stochastic process of the net increases of debt. The value of tax shields in a world with no leverage cost is the tax rate times the current debt plus the present value of the net increases of debt. We develop valuation formulae for a company that maintains a fixed book-value leverage ratio and show that it is more realistic than to assume, as Miles-Ezzell (1980) do, a fixed market-value leverage ratio. We also show that Miles-Ezzell assume that the increase of debt is proportional to the increase of the free cash flows.
Keywords: Value of tax shields, present value of the net increases of debt, required return to equity, valuation, company valuation
JEL Classification: G12, G31, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation