17 Pages Posted: 2 Nov 2005
Date Written: November 2005
This paper uses broad samples of value-weighted and equally-weighted returns to document the fact that abnormally high rates of return on small-cap stocks continued to be observed during the month of January. The January effect in small cap stock returns is remarkably consistent over time, and does not appear to have been affected by passage of the Tax Reform Act of 1986. This finding adds new perspective to the traditional tax-loss selling hypothesis, and suggests the potential relevance of behavioral explanations. After a generation of intensive study, the January effect is alive and well, and continues to present a daunting challenge to the Efficient Market Hypothesis.
Keywords: Market efficiency, January effect, calendar anomalies, behavioral finance
JEL Classification: G12, G14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
By Eugene Fama