A Tale of Two Communities: Explaining Deforestation in Mexico

Posted: 4 Nov 2005

See all articles by Jennifer Alix‐Garcia

Jennifer Alix‐Garcia

University of San Francisco - College of Arts & Sciences

Alain de Janvry

University of California, Berkeley - The Richard & Rhoda Goldman School of Public Policy

Elisabeth Sadoulet

University of California, Berkeley - The Richard & Rhoda Goldman School of Public Policy

Abstract

Deforestation policies in Mexico need to recognize heterogeneity in communitys' management schemes. In communities that extract wood from the forest for profit, forestry projects generate funds whose investment in public goods increases the value of standing forest to those not receiving direct dividends from the projects. Increases in such investment help decrease deforestation. In communities with other livelihoods, deforestation decreases with the community's ability to form a coalition that cooperates in reducing forest clearing. This is easier in smaller communities with more experienced leaders. Analysis using data collected in 2002 combined with satellite imagery verifies the models' predictions.

Keywords: deforestation, common property, partial cooperation

JEL Classification: Q23, O13, P16, C72

Suggested Citation

Alix-Garcia, Jennifer and de Janvry, Alain and Sadoulet, Elisabeth, A Tale of Two Communities: Explaining Deforestation in Mexico. World Development, Vol. 33, No. 2, pp. 219-235, 2005. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=836165

Jennifer Alix-Garcia (Contact Author)

University of San Francisco - College of Arts & Sciences ( email )

San Francisco, CA 94117
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.usfca.edu/artsci/fac_staff/A/alix-garcia_jennifer.html

Alain De Janvry

University of California, Berkeley - The Richard & Rhoda Goldman School of Public Policy ( email )

2607 Hearst Avenue
Berkeley, CA 94720-7320
United States

Elisabeth Sadoulet

University of California, Berkeley - The Richard & Rhoda Goldman School of Public Policy ( email )

2607 Hearst Avenue
Berkeley, CA 94720-7320
United States

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