Fertility and Income

30 Pages Posted: 28 Oct 2005

See all articles by T. Paul Schultz

T. Paul Schultz

Yale University - Economic Growth Center; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: October 2005

Abstract

There is an inverse association between income per adult and fertility among countries, and across households this inverse association is also often observed. Many studies find fertility is lower among better educated women and is often higher among women whose families own more land and assets. What do we know about the social consequences of events and policies that change fertility, if they are independent of parent preferences for children or the economic conditions which account for much of the variation in parent lifetime fertility? These effects of exogenous fertility change on the health and welfare of children are assessed from Kenyan household survey data by analysis of the consequences of twins, and the effect of avoiding unanticipated fertility appears to have a larger beneficial effect on the body mass index or health status of children in the family than would be expected due to variation in fertility which is accounted for by parent education and household land.

Keywords: Sources of Fertility Decline, Twins, Child Health, Kenya

JEL Classification: J13, I32, I12

Suggested Citation

Schultz, T. Paul, Fertility and Income (October 2005). Yale University Economic Growth Center Discussion Paper No. 925, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=838227 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.838227

T. Paul Schultz (Contact Author)

Yale University - Economic Growth Center ( email )

Box 208269
New Haven, CT 06520-8269
United States
203-432-3620 (Phone)
203-432-5591 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
592
Abstract Views
3,878
rank
54,357
PlumX Metrics