Socio-Economic Development and International Migration: A Turkish Study
Posted: 4 Nov 2005
The root causes of international migration have been the subject of a considerable number of studies for many years, a vast majority of them being based on development theories dominated by economy-oriented perspectives. An underlying assumption is that poverty breeds migration. The results, and the conclusions drawn from these studies differ widely. For instance, whether emigration grows when poverty becomes more extreme or less extreme, or why it reaches certain levels are issues on which research still offers a mixed answer.
This article investigates the relationship between economic development and migration by taking into consideration the question of what degrees of economic development form thresholds for migrations. The paper focuses on recent evidence on the development and emigration relationship in Turkey which reflects a dimension of the dynamics and mechanisms facilitating or restricting migratory flows from the country.
Using data from the 1995 District-level Socio-economic Development Index of Turkey (DSDI) and the 1990 Census, the principal aim of this study is to provide an analytical base which will identify the degrees of local level of development in Turkey, relate these to the international migration flows, and consequently to examine patterns of development-migration relationship.
Keywords: socio-economic development, regional differences, Turkey, migration
JEL Classification: R23, J15
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