A Refugee Burden Index: Methodology and its Application
Migration Letters, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 101-125, 2005
Posted: 7 Nov 2005
Many developing as well as developed countries provide temporary asylum to a large population of refugees and most of these host countries proclaim to be over-burdened. The effective burden a country has to shoulder is difficult to determine because it basically requests more to consider than just the absolute number of hosted refugees. This paper provides a methodology that makes refugee burdens more comparable on a cross-country basis. Taking into account different aspects of a host country's capacity we provide a Refugee Burden Index that is based on proxy indicators representing the economic, socio-demographic, and politicoinstitutional environment. This methodology is applied on a sample of 174 countries revealing the extent of a globally and regionally highly unequal refugee burden-sharing pattern.
Keywords: asylum provision, refugee burden-sharing
JEL Classification: F22, O15, R23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation