Optimal Dissent in Organizations
34 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2005
Date Written: November 2, 2005
This paper is a theoretical exploration on the costs and benefits of passive resistance in the chain of command. In our model, the organization consists of two employees: an informed decision maker (she) in charge of selecting a project, and an uninformed implementer (he) in charge of its execution. Both employees have intrinsic and possibly differing preferences over projects. Overall success depends on both project selection and its implementation.
We find that a certain level of disagreement in the chain of command may be useful to (1) prevent bad decisions from being taken and (2) give credibility to the accuracy of the decision maker's orders. Hence, there is an optimal level of dissent in organizations, which is larger when the extent of the decision maker's private information is higher.
We apply our analysis to two questions: (1) the political independence of government agencies and (2) the current debate on corporate governance.
Keywords: Organization Design, Corporate Governance, Authority
JEL Classification: M13, G30, D20
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation