Spatial Inequality in Education and Health Care in China

Posted: 22 Nov 2005

See all articles by Xiaobo Zhang

Xiaobo Zhang

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Ravi Kanbur

Cornell University; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Abstract

While increasing income inequality in China has been commented on and studied extensively, relatively little analysis is available on inequality in other dimensions of human development. Using data from different sources, this paper presents some basic facts on the evolution of spatial inequalities in education and healthcare in China over the long run. In the era of economic reforms, as the foundations of education and healthcare provision have changed, so has the distribution of illiteracy and infant mortality. Across provinces and within provinces, between rural and urban areas and within rural and urban areas, social inequalities have increased substantially since the reforms began.

Keywords: illiteracy, infant mortality rate, spatial inequality in China, polarization

JEL Classification: D63, O15, O18

Suggested Citation

Zhang, Xiaobo and Kanbur, Ravi, Spatial Inequality in Education and Health Care in China. China Economic Review, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 189-204, 2005 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=852664

Xiaobo Zhang (Contact Author)

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

2033 K Street, NW
Washington, DC 20006
United States
202-862-5677 (Phone)
202-467-4439 (Fax)

Ravi Kanbur

Cornell University ( email )

301-J Warren Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853
United States
607-255-7966 (Phone)
607-255-9984 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.kanbur.dyson.cornell.edu

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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