Effect of Sarbanes-Oxley Act on the Influencing of Executive Compensation
45 Pages Posted: 17 Aug 2006
Date Written: November 2005
An analysis of over 569,000 option grant filings by insiders after the imposition of the two-day reporting rule by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) reveals that post-grant date market-adjusted stock returns are positive but lower in magnitude than pre-SOX figures, suggesting that SOX has curtailed, but not eliminated, managerial influencing of the grant day stock price. The post-grant date market adjusted stock returns are significantly more positive in the sample of late-reported grants, consistent with stock price influencing either through back-dating the grant date or timing the grant date or information flow with the intent to camouflage. The results suggest that strict enforcement of the two-day reporting rule can significantly reduce managers' ability to use these channels of influence.
Keywords: Sarbanes-Oxley Act, Executive Compensation, Corporate Governance, Backdating, Executive Stock Options
JEL Classification: G30, G34, G38, K22, K42
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation