Investor Psychology and Tests of Factor Pricing Models

40 Pages Posted: 26 Nov 2005

See all articles by Kent D. Daniel

Kent D. Daniel

Columbia Business School - Finance and Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

David A. Hirshleifer

University of California, Irvine - Paul Merage School of Business; NBER

Avanidhar Subrahmanyam

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Finance Area; Institute of Global Finance, UNSW Business School; Financial Research Network (FIRN)

Date Written: November 20, 2005

Abstract

We provide a model with overconfident risk neutral investors, and therefore no risk premia, in which a price-based portfolio such as HML earns positive expected returns and loads on fundamental macroeconomic variables. Furthermore, loadings on such portfolios are proxies for mispricing, and therefore forecast cross-sectional returns, even after controlling for characteristics such as book-to-market. Thus, an empirical finding that covariances incrementally predict returns does not distinguish rational factor pricing from a setting with no risk premia. The analysis reconciles the high risk (market betas) of low book-to-market firms with their low expected returns, and offers new empirical implications to distinguish alternative theories.

Keywords: factor models, overconfidence, Fama-French factors, covariance risk

JEL Classification: G00, G10, G12, G15

Suggested Citation

Daniel, Kent D. and Hirshleifer, David A. and Subrahmanyam, Avanidhar, Investor Psychology and Tests of Factor Pricing Models (November 20, 2005). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=854024 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.854024

Kent D. Daniel (Contact Author)

Columbia Business School - Finance and Economics ( email )

3022 Broadway
New York, NY 10027
United States
212-854-4679 (Phone)
212-854-4679 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://kentdaniel.net/

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

David A. Hirshleifer

University of California, Irvine - Paul Merage School of Business ( email )

Irvine, CA California 92697-3125
United States

HOME PAGE: http://sites.uci.edu/dhirshle/

NBER ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Avanidhar Subrahmanyam

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Finance Area ( email )

Los Angeles, CA 90095-1481
United States
310-825-5355 (Phone)
310-206-5455 (Fax)

Institute of Global Finance, UNSW Business School

Sydney, NSW 2052
Australia

Financial Research Network (FIRN)

C/- University of Queensland Business School
St Lucia, 4071 Brisbane
Queensland
Australia

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