Determinants of Inter Firm Contractual Relations: A Case of Indian Software Industry
Francis Xavier Rathinam
International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie)
We analyze the impediments to inter-firm contractual relations, existing formal and informal ways of getting around them, especially the role of reputation and trust in mitigating the conflict of interest between the firms. We study it in the context of Indian IT industry. Contract design is specified as a function of reputation (age, repeated contracts and quality certification), asset specificity, complexity and uncertainty. We test the likelihood of observing Time & Material contract, a better propertied contract in the face of uncertainty. Empirical evidence confirms the propositions posited. Reputed firms tend to get highly complicated and uncertain projects. Asset specific investments do not seem to have any implication on contract type and complexity. The results broadly hint that the firms reckon more on creating an understanding through formal quality certifications to solve pre-contractual adverse selection problems and repeated contracting to solve the problems of behavioral uncertainties rather than relying on the court.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 17
Keywords: Transaction Cost, Inter-firm Contractual Relations, Reputation, Trust and Outsourcing
JEL Classification: D23, L14, L22
Date posted: November 29, 2005