The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation
Revista de Economía Institucional, Vol. 7, No. 13, 2005
51 Pages Posted: 3 Dec 2005
This article uses the different mortality rates of European colonialists to estimate the effect of institutions on economic performance. Europeans adopted very different colonization policies in different colonies. In places where mortality rates were high they did not settle, but set up extractive institutions that exist to the present day. By exploring the different mortality rates faced by soldiers, bishops and sailors in the colonies in the 17th, 18th and 19th Centuries, we were able to estimate the long-term effect of colonial institutions on per capita income.
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Keywords: European colonization, institutions, economic development, mortality rates, per capita income
JEL Classification: D02, N30, N40, O15
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