A Contribution to the Empirics of Press Freedom and Corruption
39 Pages Posted: 6 Dec 2005
We test the relationship between aggregate press freedom and corruption, performing a modified extreme bounds analysis for a 10-year panel. We also test the relation among different forms of restrictions to press freedom and corruption using the previously unexplored disaggregated data. Our results support the theoretical view that restrictions in press freedom lead to higher corruption levels. Furthermore, we obtain that both political and economic influences on the media are strongly and robustly related to corruption, while detrimental laws and regulations influencing the media are not strongly associated to higher corruption. In all cases, there is indicative, albeit not conclusive, evidence that the direction of causation runs from a freer press to lower corruption.
Keywords: Press freedom, Bureaucratic corruption, Extreme bounds analysis
JEL Classification: D73, O17, Z10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation