Gender and Ethnicity - Married Immigrants in Britain

45 Pages Posted: 8 Dec 2005

See all articles by Christian Dustmann

Christian Dustmann

University College London; Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Francesca Fabbri

Economist; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

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Date Written: November 2005

Abstract

In this paper we investigate the economic activity of married or cohabiting female immigrants in Britain. We distinguish between two immigrant groups: foreign-born females who belong to an ethnic minority group and their husbands, and foreign-born white females and their husbands. We compare these to native-born white women and their husbands. Our analysis deviates from the usual mean analysis and investigates employment, hours worked and earnings for males and females, as well as their combined family earnings, along the distribution of husbands' economic potential. We analyse the extent to which economic disadvantage may be reinforced at the household level and investigate to what extent it can be explained by differences in observable characteristics. We find that white female immigrants and their husbands have an overall advantage in earnings over white native born, both individually and at the household level. Minority immigrants do less well, in particular at the lower end of the husband's economic potential distribution. This is mainly due to the low employment of both genders, which leads to a disadvantage in earnings, intensified at the household level. Only part of this differential can be explained by observable characteristics.

JEL Classification: J15

Suggested Citation

Dustmann, Christian and Fabbri, Francesca, Gender and Ethnicity - Married Immigrants in Britain (November 2005). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 1598, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=869210 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.869210

Christian Dustmann

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