An Empirical Investigation of Consumption-Based Asset Pricing Models with Stochastic Habit Formation
37 Pages Posted: 14 Dec 2005 Last revised: 29 Jan 2010
Date Written: January 26, 2010
We econometrically estimate a consumption-based model asset pricing model with stochastic habit formation and test it using the generalized method of moments. The model departs from existing models with deterministic internal habit (e.g. Dunn and Singleton (1986), Ferson and Constantinides (1991) and Heaton (1995)) by introducing shocks to the coefficients in the distributed lag specification of consumption habit and consequently, an additional shock to the marginal rate of substitution. The stochastic shocks to the consumption habit are persistent and provide an additional source of time variation in expected returns. Using Treasury bond returns and broad equity market index returns, we show that stochastic internal habit formation models resolve the dichotomy between the autocorrelation properties of the stochastic discount factor and those of expected returns and provide a better explanation of time variation in expected returns than models with either deterministic habit or stochastic external habit.
Keywords: consumption-based asset pricing model, habit formation, stochastic habit, time-varying risk-premium
JEL Classification: E21, G10, G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation