Two Utopias Beyond World Government and Anarchy

IEW Working Paper No. 258

21 Pages Posted: 21 Dec 2005

Date Written: November 2005


To overcome problems produced by globalization, some people see the solution in a World Government while others see it in an autarchic global market without any government intervention. Both solutions are rejected due to their major shortcomings. Two superior solutions are proposed: (1) A net of Functional, Overlapping Democratic Jurisdictions (FOCJ) confirming to a geography of problems; (2) The free choice of individuals to become citizens not only simultaneously in various nations but also in semi-public, non-governmental and private organizations as well as in private firms. The advantages and disadvantages of these proposals are discussed.

Keywords: International Organizations, World Government, Autarchy, Globalization, Public

JEL Classification: F02, F13, H11, H77, H87

Suggested Citation

Frey, Bruno S., Two Utopias Beyond World Government and Anarchy (November 2005). IEW Working Paper No. 258. Available at SSRN: or

Bruno S. Frey (Contact Author)

CREMA ( email )

Südstrasse 11
Zurich, CH 8008
+41 44 380 00 78 (Phone)

University of Basel ( email )

Peter Merian-Weg 6
Basel, 4002

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