The Effects of Welfare Reform and Related Policies on Single Mothers' Welfare Use and Employment

52 Pages Posted: 5 Jan 2006

See all articles by Adam Looney

Adam Looney

Brookings Institution; U.S. Department of the Treasury, Office of Tax Analysis (OTA)

Date Written: October 2005

Abstract

This paper examines how changes in tax policy, welfare programs, public health insurance, and economic conditions during the 1990s affected welfare use and employment among single mothers. Drawing on panel data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation, I give new estimates of the effects of specific policy changes and use those estimates to explain changes in economic behavior. The results suggest that Welfare Reform policies, the EITC, and improved economic conditions, in that order, were the primary determinants of changes in welfare use and employment between 1993 and 1999.

Keywords: Welfare reform, EITC, Medicaid, labor supply, single mothers

JEL Classification: H2, I3

Suggested Citation

Looney, Adam, The Effects of Welfare Reform and Related Policies on Single Mothers' Welfare Use and Employment (October 2005). FEDS Working Paper No. 2005-45, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=873840 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.873840

Adam Looney (Contact Author)

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U.S. Department of the Treasury, Office of Tax Analysis (OTA) ( email )

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