Spatial Dependence in Models of State Fiscal Policy Convergence
FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2006-001B
30 Pages Posted: 6 Jan 2006
Date Written: June 2006
We apply spatial econometric techniques to models of state and local fiscal policy convergence. Total tax revenue and expenditures, as well as broad tax and expenditure categories, of state and local governments in each of the 48 contiguous U.S. states are examined. We extend recent work by Annala (2003) in much the same way that Rey and Montouri (1999) extended the literature dealing with income convergence among U.S. states. Our results indicate that most fiscal policies have been converging and that the growth in overall and broad categories of tax revenue and spending are dependent on the corresponding tax and spending behavior in other states. In addition, total expenditures have been converging faster than output, whereas total tax revenues have been converging slower that output. Our models further demonstrate that expenditure growth in a state is dependent upon expenditure growth in economically and demographically similar states, while output growth and revenue growth in a state are dependent on output growth and revenue growth, respectively, in contiguous states.
Keywords: convergence, state fiscal policy, fiscal policy dependence, spatial econometrics
JEL Classification: C21, H71, H72, R11
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation