Post Brown vs. The Board of Education: The Effects of the End of Court-Ordered Desegregation

58 Pages Posted: 11 Jan 2006

See all articles by Byron F. Lutz

Byron F. Lutz

Federal Reserve Board - Research Division

Date Written: December 19, 2005

Abstract

In the early 1990s, nearly forty years after Brown v. the Board of Education, three Supreme Court decisions dramatically altered the legal environment for court-ordered desegregation. Lower courts have released numerous school districts from their desegregation plans as a result. Over the same period racial segregation increased in public schools across the country - a phenomenon which has been termed resegregation. Using a unique dataset, this paper finds that dismissal of a court-ordered desegregation plan results in a gradual, moderate increase in racial segregation and an increase in black dropout rates and black private school attendance. The increased dropout rates and private school attendance are experienced only by districts located outside of the South Census region. There is no evidence of an effect on white student along any dimension.

Keywords: Desegregation, education, dropout, race

JEL Classification: H0, I28, J15

Suggested Citation

Lutz, Byron F., Post Brown vs. The Board of Education: The Effects of the End of Court-Ordered Desegregation (December 19, 2005). FEDS Working Paper No. 2005-64. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=874753 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.874753

Byron F. Lutz (Contact Author)

Federal Reserve Board - Research Division ( email )

20th Street and Constitution Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20551
United States

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