Creating a Poverty Map for Azerbaijan

72 Pages Posted: 11 Jan 2006

See all articles by Angela Baschieri

Angela Baschieri

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine - Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health; University of Southampton - Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute (S3RI)

Jane Falkingham

University of Southampton - Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute (S3RI)

Duncan Hornby

University of Southampton

Craig Hutton

University of Southampton - Geodata Institute

Date Written: December 2005

Abstract

Poverty maps - that is, graphic representations of spatially disaggregated estimates of welfare-are being increasingly used to geographically target scarce resources. But the development of detailed poverty maps in many low resource settings is hampered because of data constraints. Data on income or consumption are often unavailable and, where they are, direct survey estimates for small areas are likely to yield unacceptably large standard errors due to limited sample sizes. Census data offer the required level of coverage but do not generally contain the appropriate information. This has led to the development of a range of alternative methods aimed either at combining survey data with unit record data from the census to produce estimates of income or expenditure for small areas or at developing alternative welfare rankings, such as asset indices, using existing census data. This paper develops a set of poverty maps for Azerbaijan that can be used by different users. Two alternative approaches to the measurement and mapping of welfare are adopted. First, a map is derived using imputed household consumption. This involves combining information from the 2002 Household Budget Survey (HBS) with 1999 census data. Second, an alternative map is constructed using an asset index based on data from the 1999 census to produce estimates of welfare at the rayon level. This provides a unique opportunity to compare the welfare rankings obtained at the regional level under the two alternative approaches. In order to visually present the spatially disgaggregated estimates of welfare in Azerbaijan, this paper has also produced a digital census map of Azerbaijan. This involved matching the census enumeration areas to a digital settlement map of Azerbaijan. Therefore, it is now possible for the State Statistical Committee of Azerbaijan to display graphically the results of the 1999 census of Azerbaijan along with other data.

Suggested Citation

Baschieri, Angela and Falkingham, Jane and Hornby, Duncan and Hutton, Craig, Creating a Poverty Map for Azerbaijan (December 2005). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3793. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=874817

Angela Baschieri (Contact Author)

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine - Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health ( email )

London, WC1E 7HT
United Kingdom

University of Southampton - Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute (S3RI) ( email )

Southampton SO17 1BJ
United Kingdom

Jane Falkingham

University of Southampton - Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute (S3RI) ( email )

Southampton SO17 1BJ
United Kingdom

Duncan Hornby

University of Southampton

University Rd.
Southampton SO17 1BJ, Hampshire SO17 1LP
United Kingdom

Craig Hutton

University of Southampton - Geodata Institute ( email )

University Rd.
Southampton SO17 1BJ, Hampshire SO17 1LP
United Kingdom

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