The Determinants of Firm Growth in Small and Micro Firms - Evidence on Relationship Lending Effects
24 Pages Posted: 16 Jan 2006
Date Written: January 15, 2007
This paper examines the impact of firm level variables on the growth of small and micro firms operating in Finland. This study is the first one to investigate the impact that lending relationships have on growth. The results of our primary regressions show that close lending relationships enhance growth for all firms, but that only the larger firms in our sample benefit from more competitive banking markets. When we split the data into manufacturing and non-manufacturing firms, we find that only non-manufacturing firms benefit from close bank-borrower relationships. We additionally find that younger firms exhibit higher growth rates than older firms. Firm size seems to have a more complicated relationship with growth. Our results suggest that in the case of smaller firms an increase in size initially increases growth, but the effect is reversed after a certain level. For the larger firms with more than ten employees, we cannot reject Gibrat's law. Contrary to previous studies, we find that legal form is a significant determinant of firm growth only in the absence of more detailed ownership variables.
Keywords: Growth, small firm, relationship lending
JEL Classification: G21, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
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By John Sutton