Corporate Social Responsibility, Public Policy, and Ngo Activism in Europe and the United States: An Institutional-Stakeholder Perspective

27 Pages Posted: 8 May 2006

See all articles by Jonathan P. Doh

Jonathan P. Doh

Villanova University - School of Business

Terrence R. Guay

Pennsylvania State University

Abstract

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is an increasingly pervasive phenomenon on the European and North American economic and political landscape. In this paper, we extend neo-institutional and stakeholder theory to show how differences in the institutional environments of Europe and the United States affect expectations about corporate responsibilities to society. We focus on how these differences are manifested in government policy, corporate strategy, and non-governmental organization (NGO) activism towards specific issues involving the social responsibilities of corporations. Drawing from recent theoretical and empirical research, and analysis of three case studies (global warming, trade in genetically modified organisms, and pricing of anti-viral pharmaceuticals in developing countries), we find that different institutional structures and political legacies in the US and EU are important factors in explaining how governments, NGOs, and the broader polity determine and implement preferences regarding CSR in these two important world regions.

Suggested Citation

Doh, Jonathan P. and Guay, Terrence R., Corporate Social Responsibility, Public Policy, and Ngo Activism in Europe and the United States: An Institutional-Stakeholder Perspective. Journal of Management Studies, Vol. 43, No. 1, pp. 47-73, January 2006, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=875049 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6486.2006.00582.x

Jonathan P. Doh (Contact Author)

Villanova University - School of Business ( email )

800 Lancaster Avenue
Villanova, PA 19085-1678
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www62.homepage.villanova.edu/jonathan.doh/

Terrence R. Guay

Pennsylvania State University ( email )

324 Business Building
Smeal College of Business
University Park, PA 16802-1911
United States
814 865-8490 (Phone)
814 865-6284 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://cold.smeal.psu.edu/facultybio/facultybio.cfm?id=trg12

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